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Steam Loops: a Bibliography

My sources for the article "Steam Loops Versus Doom Loops." If you want one and hit a paywall, send me a note and I'll see what I can do. I didn't include much journalistic coverage; this is the deep academic and research work.

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Beach, Brian. Water Infrastructure and Health in US Cities. 28563, National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021,


Costa, Luciano Da Fontoura, et al. “On the Efficiency of Underground Systems in Large Cities.” ArXiv, 2009, pp. 1–4,


Eichholtz, Piet, Rogier Holtermans, et al. “Environmental Performance of Commercial Real Estate: New Insights into Energy Efficiency Improvements.” The Journal of Portfolio Management, vol. 45, no. 7, Sept. 2019, pp. 113–29,


Eichholtz, Piet, Nils Kok, et al. “The Economics of Green Building.” Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 95, no. 1, Mar. 2013, pp. 50–63,


Harris, Bernard, and Jonas Helgertz. “Urban Sanitation and the Decline of Mortality.” The History of the Family, vol. 24, no. 2, Apr. 2019, pp. 207–26,


Huang, Pei, et al. “A Review of Data Centers as Prosumers in District Energy Systems: Renewable Energy Integration and Waste Heat Reuse for District Heating.” Applied Energy, vol. 258, Jan. 2020, p. 114109,


Kontokosta, Constantine E. “Modeling the Energy Retrofit Decision in Commercial Office Buildings.” Energy and Buildings, vol. 131, Nov. 2016, pp. 1–20,


Leskinen, Niina, et al. “A Review of the Impact of Green Building Certification on the Cash Flows and Values of Commercial Properties.” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 7, Mar. 2020, p. 2729,


Lund, H., et al. “The Role of District Heating in Future Renewable Energy Systems.” Energy, vol. 35, no. 3, Mar. 2010, pp. 1381–90,


Peterson, Kristian, and Ross Gammill. The Economics of Sustainability in Commercial Real Estate. IFMA Foundation, 2010,


Popovski, Eftim, et al. “Decarbonization of District Heating and Deep Retrofits of Buildings as Competing or Synergetic Strategies for the Implementation of the Efficiency First Principle.” Smart Energy, vol. 10, May 2023, p. 100096,


Steenson, Molly Wright. “Interfacing with the Subterranean.” Cabinet, no. 41, spring 2011, pp. 82–86,


Tite, W. “On the Paris Street Improvements, and Their Cost.” Journal of the Statistical Society of London, vol. 27, no. 3, Sept. 1864, p. 378,


Zhang, Li, et al. “Turning Green into Gold: A Review on the Economics of Green Buildings.” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 172, Jan. 2018, pp. 2234–45,


Zheng, Siqi, et al. Quantifying The Financial Value of Building Decarbonization Technology Under Uncertainty: Integrating Energy Modeling and Investment Analysis. 23/07, MIT Center for Real Estate, Mar. 2023,

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